How to Start a Crypto ATM Business

How to Start a Crypto ATM Business

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In an era where digital transformation reshapes traditional finance, cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin lead a new wave of financial innovation. One lucrative option arising from this digital revolution is the establishment of Bitcoin ATM businesses. If you’re contemplating undertaking this exciting field, understanding its nuances and potential is paramount.

Our guide aims to equip you with a comprehensive understanding of what it takes to launch and manage a successful crypto ATM business. From realising Bitcoin’s fundamentals to overcoming regulatory landscapes, finding optimal locations, selecting the right machines, and implementing effective operational strategies, we cover every aspect to empower you with informed decisions.

Key Takeaways

  1. With the rise of digital currencies like Bitcoin, starting a crypto ATM business presents a lucrative opportunity.
  2. Crypto ATMs facilitate buying and selling cryptocurrencies using cash or cards, providing convenience and accessibility to individuals without the need for online exchanges.
  3. Before launching a crypto ATM business, thorough planning is essential, including compliance with regulatory requirements such as KYC/AML.

What is a Crypto ATM?

What is a Crypto ATM?

Bitcoin ATMs, also known as BTMs, serve as tangible gateways into the world of digital currencies. They bridge the gap between the digital reality of cryptocurrencies and the familiarity of traditional financial services. 

With the augmenting demand for Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, coupled with the need for accessible transaction methods, crypto ATMs present a promising entrepreneurial move.

A Bitcoin ATM is a kiosk or terminal that allows users to buy or sell cryptocurrencies using cash or debit/credit cards. Like traditional ATMs that dispense cash, Bitcoin ATM transactions involve cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, etc.

These ATMs provide a convenient and accessible way for individuals to enter or exit the cryptocurrency market without the need for online exchanges or trading platforms. They are often located in public places such as shopping malls, convenience stores, airports, and other high-traffic areas.

Types of Bitcoin ATM Machines

Bitcoin ATM operation

One-Way vs. Two-Way Machines: One-way Bitcoin ATMs allow users to either buy or sell Bitcoin, whereas two-way machines enable both buying and selling transactions.

Fixed vs. Portable Machines: Fixed Bitcoin ATMs are permanently installed at a location, while portable or mobile units can be moved to different locations as needed.

Cash vs. Cashless Machines: Cash Bitcoin ATMs accept cash deposits and dispense cash for withdrawals, while cashless machines facilitate transactions using credit/debit cards or mobile payment methods.

On Oct. 29, 2013, a coffee shop in downtown Vancouver, Canada, opened what is understood to be the world’s first publicly available Bitcoin ATM, operated by Robocoin. The crypto ATM saw 348 transactions and $100,000 transacted in its first week of operation.

Fast Fact

Key Considerations Before Launch

Launching a Bitcoin ATM business requires meticulous planning and attention to various factors:

Regulatory Compliance

You must follow federal and state law to run your Bitcoin ATM business legally. At the Federal level, the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) requires that you register with the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) as a Money Services Business (MSB). Once registered, you must follow additional BSA requirements.

Bitcoin ATM operators must comply with all relevant local laws and regulations governing financial transactions, consumer protection, and business operations. Depending on the jurisdiction, Bitcoin ATM operators may need to register for taxation purposes, including sales tax or value-added tax (VAT), and comply with reporting requirements.

Bitcoin ATM operators are typically required to implement robust Know Your Customer (KYC) procedures to verify the identity of users conducting transactions. This may involve collecting personal information, such as government-issued identification documents and proof of address.

Operators must implement systems for monitoring and reporting suspicious transactions to comply with Anti-Money Laundering (AML) regulations. This includes identifying and flagging potentially illicit activity, such as large cash transactions or transactions involving high-risk jurisdictions.

Compliance with AML regulations often entails maintaining detailed records of transactions, including transaction amounts, timestamps, and customer information. These records may need to be retained for a specified period and made available for regulatory inspection upon request.

In many jurisdictions, operating a Bitcoin ATM may require obtaining licenses or permits related to financial services. This could include a money transmitter license from banking authorities, securities regulators, or other relevant regulatory bodies.

Location Selection

Identifying high-traffic areas with suitable demographics and minimal competition for optimal performance is paramount. Major cities and urban areas with high populations and significant cryptocurrency adoption are prime targets for Bitcoin ATM deployment. 

Consider tourist destinations because locations popular among tourists can benefit from Bitcoin ATMs, catering to travellers seeking convenient access to cryptocurrency services.

Also, areas with limited access to traditional banking services present opportunities for Bitcoin ATM operators to fill the gap and provide financial inclusion.

Search for educational institutions with tech-savvy demographics, which are potential target markets, as students and faculty members may be interested in cryptocurrencies.

Bitcoin Machine Selection

How to Start a Bitcoin ATM

Let’s explore the features that must be considered when choosing a machine:

  • User Interface – Look for a Bitcoin ATM with an intuitive and user-friendly interface to enhance the user experience. Touchscreen displays and clear instructions can simplify the transaction process.
  • Compliance Features – Ensure that the machine offers robust compliance features, including KYC/AML verification tools, transaction monitoring capabilities, and compliance with regulatory requirements in your target markets.
  • Security Measures – Evaluate the Bitcoin ATM’s security features, such as encrypted data transmission, tamper-evident components, biometric authentication, and remote monitoring capabilities, to prevent unauthorised access and fraud.
  • Reliability and Maintenance – Choose a machine from a reputable manufacturer known for reliability and durability. Consider maintenance requirements, technical support availability, and warranty coverage.
  • Transaction Speed and Limits – Assess the transaction processing speed and transaction limits supported by the Bitcoin ATM to accommodate varying user needs and demand levels.
  • Integration and Compatibility – Determine whether the machine integrates seamlessly with cryptocurrency exchanges, bitcoin wallet software, and other third-party services. Compatibility with multiple cryptocurrencies may also be desirable.
  • Customisation Options – Some Bitcoin ATM manufacturers offer customisation options, allowing operators to brand the machines with their logos and tailor the user interface to align with their business branding.

Also, crypto ATM costs should be thoughtfully calculated. The cost of a cryptocurrency ATM can vary depending on factors such as brand, model, features, and additional services offered by the manufacturer or provider. Generally, the price range for purchasing a cryptocurrency ATM can be anywhere from a few thousand dollars to tens of thousands of dollars.

Here are some factors that can influence the cost:

  • Manufacturer and Model – Different manufacturers offer varying models of Bitcoin ATM machines with different specifications and capabilities. Some well-known manufacturers include Genesis Coin, General Bytes, Lamassu, BitAccess, etc.
  • Features – The cost can vary based on the features the ATM offers. For instance, some ATMs support multiple cryptocurrencies, while others may only support one. Additional features such as biometric authentication, compliance, and customer support functionalities may also impact the price.
  • Compliance and Regulatory Requirements – Depending on the region where the ATM will be deployed, it might need to meet specific regulatory compliance requirements. Compliance features may add to the overall cost of the machine.
  • Installation and Maintenance – Consideration should also be given to installation costs, ongoing maintenance, software updates, and technical support, which may be included in the initial purchase price or billed separately.
  • Volume Discounts and Leasing Options – Some manufacturers or providers may offer volume discounts for purchasing multiple units or leasing options, which can spread the cost over time.

It’s important to research different options thoroughly, consider your specific requirements and budget, and consult with experts or existing operators before making a decision. Additionally, operational costs, such as location rent, transaction fees, and compliance costs, should also be factored into your overall budgeting and Bitcoin ATM business model.

Setting Up Your Own Bitcoin ATM Business

how does a crypto atm work

After considering all the aspects mentioned above, follow these steps to start a Bitcoin ATM business:

  1. Craft a Detailed Business Plan
  2. Secure Funding
  3. Acquire the Right Machines
  4. Negotiate Host Locations
  5. Ensure Installation and Security
  6. Implement Marketing and Support

Operating and Growing Your Bitcoin ATM Business

Once operational, focus on regular maintenance and conduct routine checks and updates to ensure optimal performance. It’s important to stay abreast of regulatory changes and maintain accurate transaction records.

Don’t forget to analyse metrics and financials to gauge performance and identify growth opportunities. Explore new locations and services to expand your network and customer base.


Undertaking the crypto ATM business offers immense potential for growth and innovation. By strategic planning, compliance adherence, and operational excellence, you can establish a profitable business at the forefront of the digital financial revolution.


How can I start a Bitcoin ATM business?

Buy Bitcoin ATM machines, register AML/KYC requirements, secure a steady supply of Bitcoins, deploy the machine to a Location, and Service Cash.

How does a crypto ATM work?

A Bitcoin ATM (Automated Teller Machine) works similarly to a traditional ATM but facilitates transactions involving cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, etc.

How does the Crypto ATM Locator work?

To locate crypto ATMs, you can use various online platforms and tools specifically designed for this purpose. Several popular Bitcoin ATM websites and mobile apps allow you to find cryptocurrency ATMs worldwide. 

What is the crypto ATM limit?

The transaction limits for crypto ATMs can vary widely depending on several factors, including the specific ATM operator, regulatory requirements, and the type of identity verification users have completed.

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