What is NEAR Protocol, and How Does it Enhance Scalability?

What is NEAR Protocol, and How Does it Work?

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The 21st century is characterised by technological innovations. Blockchain technologies are no exception, where concurrency boosts in parallel with development. NEAR Protocol stands out as a promising platform for developers and users nowadays. It aims to address the scalability and user experience challenges existing blockchains like Ethereum face. NEAR Protocol is a layer-1 blockchain that serves as the foundation for building and running decentralised applications (dApps). 

Key takeaways

  1. NEAR Protocol is a high-performance blockchain that improves scalability and usability through innovative technologies like sharding.
  2. It is a robust ecosystem that supports decentralised applications, staking, and smart contracts, positioning it as a competitor to Ethereum.
  3. NEAR Protocol offers promising staking rewards and investment potential due to its advanced technology and growing adoption.

Understanding NEAR Protocol

Near Protocol

NEAR Protocol is a decentralised application platform designed to make apps usable on the web. It addresses several challenges existing blockchains face, including slow speeds, low throughput, and poor cross-compatibility. 

Unlike traditional blockchain networks that struggle with scalability, NEAR employs a unique sharding solution that allows the network to scale efficiently. 

How Does The NEAR Protocol Work?

Nightshade Consensus Mechanism

Sharding: Sharding technology divides the blockchain into smaller, manageable pieces called shards. Each shard processes its own set of transactions, significantly increasing the network’s overall capacity. This allows NEAR to handle a high volume of transactions without compromising speed or security. 

what is Sharding?

Nightshade Consensus Mechanism: NEAR uses a variant of PoS called Nightshade, which allows the distributed network to maintain high security and decentralisation while processing the network’s transactions more quickly and efficiently.

Developer Tools: NEAR offers tools such as the NEAR SDK, which supports programming languages like Rust and AssemblyScript, and the NEAR CLI, which simplifies the development process.

NEAR Protocol supports various applications, such as:

  • DeFi Applications: Platforms for decentralised finance that offer services like lending, borrowing, and trading of digital assets.
  • NFT Marketplaces: NEAR can power marketplaces for non-fungible tokens, enabling creators to mint and trade unique digital assets.
  • Gaming: NEAR supports blockchain-based games that require high transaction throughput and low latency.

Key Features of NEAR Protocol

Near Protocol ecosystem

​The NEAR Protocol ecosystem is vibrant and growing, encompassing various applications and platforms. One of the standout features is its compatibility with Ethereum smart contracts through the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM). This interoperability allows Ethereum developers to migrate their applications to NEAR, leveraging its superior scalability and lower transaction costs.

Key Components:

NEAR Protocol dApps: A growing range of decentralised applications built on the NEAR platform, spanning various sectors like finance, gaming, and social media. 

Near Protocol dApps

Staking and Rewards: Users can stake NEAR tokens to help secure the network and earn rewards. This process involves locking up tokens to participate in the consensus mechanism and receive NEAR Protocol staking rewards.

Rainbow Bridge: This tool enables seamless asset transfer between NEAR and Ethereum, enhancing interoperability and user flexibility.

Near Rainbow Bridge

NEAR Token (NEAR): The native cryptocurrency of the NEAR Protocol, used for staking, governance, and paying transaction fees. 

Developer Tools and Resources: NEAR provides extensive documentation, tutorials, and development tools to empower developers to build dApps on the platform. 

Staking NEAR Protocol

Staking Near Protocol

Staking is a core aspect of the NEAR Protocol. By staking these tokens, participants can contribute to the network’s security and earn rewards. The staking mechanism is designed to be straightforward, allowing users to stake their tokens through various wallets and platforms.

Where to Stake NEAR Protocol?

  • Official NEAR Wallet: The most direct way to stake tokens.
  • Third-Party Wallets: Platforms like Ledger and Trust Wallet also support NEAR staking.
  • Exchanges: Major cryptocurrency exchanges such as Binance offer staking services for NEAR tokens.

Use Cases for NEAR Token

The native token of NEAR Protocol has several uses within the network:

  • Transaction Fees
  • Staking
  • Governance

Benefits of NEAR Protocol

Basics of Near Protocol

NEAR Protocol is recognised as one of the fastest layer 1 blockchains due to its innovative use of sharding and other technologies. Here are some of its technical highlights:

High Throughput → NEAR can process thousands of transactions per second, significantly higher than many other blockchains.

Low Transaction Costs → Thanks to its efficient design, NEAR’s transaction fees are minimal, making it accessible for a wide range of applications.

Secure and Decentralised → The network employs a robust proof-of-stake consensus mechanism that ensures security and decentralisation, preventing any single entity from controlling the network.

User-Friendly Development → NEAR provides a developer-friendly environment with intuitive tools and programming languages, making it easier to build dApps. 

Thriving Ecosystem → The NEAR ecosystem is rapidly growing, attracting developers and users with its diverse range of dApps and functionalities. 

Usability → NEAR is designed with user-friendliness in mind. It offers human-readable account names instead of cryptographic addresses and features like progressive UX, which makes onboarding new users simpler.

Interoperability → NEAR Protocol is built to facilitate easy integration with other blockchains, enhancing its versatility and the potential for cross-chain applications.

Environmental Efficiency → NEAR Protocol employs a proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus mechanism, which is more energy-efficient than the proof-of-work (PoW) used by Bitcoin and Ethereum.

Is NEAR Protocol a Good Investment? 

Investment in Near Protocol

Given its technological advancements and growing ecosystem, NEAR Protocol presents a compelling case for investors. The network’s ability to scale and handle high-throughput transactions at low costs positions it well in the competitive blockchain market.

Factors to Consider

  • Market Cap and Token Supply: NEAR has a substantial market cap and a well-distributed token supply, contributing to its stability and potential for growth.
  • Staking Rewards: Investors can earn rewards by staking their NEAR tokens, providing an additional income stream.
  • Adoption and Ecosystem Growth: As more developers and projects migrate to NEAR Protocol, its value and utility will likely increase.

The future of the NEAR Protocol appears promising. Its innovative technology, user-friendly approach, and thriving ecosystem position it as a strong contender in the blockchain space. However, as with any investment, it’s crucial to conduct thorough research and understand the inherent risks involved in the cryptocurrency market. 

Near Community

NEAR Protocol has a vibrant ecosystem with various projects and developers contributing to its growth. The NEAR Foundation and the NEAR Collective are key organisations supporting the protocol’s development and adoption.

NEAR Foundation focuses on the governance and strategic direction of the ecosystem, including funding and support for projects building on NEAR. NEAR Collective is a community of developers, researchers, and enthusiasts working on the core protocol and its ecosystem.

NEAR Protocol network’s infrastructure is designed for efficiency and user-friendliness. The NEAR Blockchain Explorer lets users view detailed information about transactions, blocks, and network activity. This transparency ensures that all network data is accessible, fostering trust and engagement within the community.


NEAR Protocol is poised to play a significant role in the future of blockchain technology. Its innovative use of sharding, focus on user experience, and robust ecosystem make it a formidable competitor to other layer 1 blockchains. Whether you’re a developer looking to build on a scalable platform, an investor seeking staking rewards, or simply curious about blockchain technology, NEAR Protocol offers a wealth of opportunities.

Is NEAR better than Ethereum?

NEAR, a smart contracts platform, beats Bitcoin and Ethereum in at least two key network metrics.

What can the NEAR token be used for?

The NEAR token is primarily used to pay transaction fees and as collateral for storing data on the blockchain. NEAR also rewards several blockchain stakeholders with NEAR tokens.

What is NEAR Protocol max supply?

The maximum supply of NEAR coins is 1 billion, created with the Genesis block of the NEAR blockchain. However, each year, epoch incentives worth 5% of the additionally issued supply are distributed to support the network.

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